Data science is the set of techniques and skills which help extract meaningful information from massive amounts of raw data. It encompasses a wide range of tools and techniques that include predictive analytics artificial intelligence, natural language processing, visualization of data, and much more. Its significance in the world of business is widely acknowledged, and its practitioners are in high demand.
Increasingly, data science is employed in nearly every industry and, in some cases it is an integral part of the operations and strategies of an business. Data science is helping businesses design stronger marketing campaigns and better determine the best time to advertise their products. It helps in reducing financial risks by identifying fraudulent transactions and preventing equipment failures in manufacturing plants and other industrial settings. It also helps to block cyber attacks and other threats to IT systems.
For instance the algorithms used to track users on social media platforms as well as digital billboards are able to determine a person’s shopping habits and then use that knowledge to tailor their marketing campaigns. This helps improve customer conversion rates and leads to greater ROI for marketers.
In the medical field, the ability to analyze and visualize large volumes of patient data has allowed doctors to develop new treatments and diagnose illnesses more accurately. They also can perform preventive medicine and research treatment options faster.
Data science can different challenges in data science research be used in a manner that has serious ethical implications. For instance, the COMPAS Recidivism Risk Score used by many law enforcement agencies to predict the likelihood of future criminality is biased against African-Americans According to ProPublica.